There seem to be two ways to ship a car from the US to the UK; in a container or not in a container. The difference for me was $6,600 vs $1,200 so clearly I went with the non container method. This is normally referred to as 'roll-on, roll-off' or RORO for short. My $1200 got the car collected from my home in Austin, put on a huge transporter lorry to Florida, through US customs, onto the ship and I collected it at Southampton. I thought this was reasonable value at the time. It excluded shipping insurance, which was 1.5% of the car's value.
I am told that most car manufacturers export cars using RORO so there should not be a problem with this method. Some people have told me that they got a
containerised shipment for a little extra. I must admit I would have paid a bit more for the container but not at the prices I was quoted. There is a risk of theft using RORO - my licence plates dissappeared en-route for example!
I had several quotes for shipping. You need to look up 'freight forwarders' in the yellow pages and there are several on the web. I used Vantage International Shipping, who responded quickly by phone and email with a competitive quote (& got the job, by the way - but have since closed down, sadly). The second time I used Allworld Removals in Boston who were fine.
Allstates Worldwide had an impressive web site but did not even respond to their web form. One personal importer told me they did a terrible job for him, damaged his car and refused to talk to him - best avoided.
Ghedi International in Austin, TX, provided a quote, and shipped a colleagues car a few years ago.
I recently discovered American Car Imports based in London and Miami and talked to them about conversions. They were far too expensive but have a web site and may be useful for shipping or other matters.
When the car is ready to go, it should have a quarter of a gallon of petrol. Any less and if it runs out during transit, the shipping authorities will charge you. Any more and they can take away the excess and charge for that too. Shame really since petrol is somewhat cheaper in the US and it is tempting to fill it right up - don't!
Your shipper will need the vehicle Title or if it's new an untitled they will want the Certificate of Origin. They need originals so make copies.
If you are buying new, for immediate export then it is possible to buy the car without US Sales Tax. However, finding a US Dealer that understands the question is a little tough. For example in the Boston area I tried about a dozen dealers before Quirk Ford told me they could do that and had sold several cars to private exporters. The reality was a little frustrating but perseverance paid off and I got it tax free.
Bear in mind that buying new, sometimes attracts manufacturers rebates, which are available for US residents only. So if you have a US address and Social Security number, pay the tax, and Title the vehicle you could get a hefty rebate (applied as an up ront discount in the Ford case). I could have got $3000 off the Expedition. However, the Title process would have added up to 4-6 weeks and the dealer was worried that when the car hit Customs and was scanned out of the country, Ford would claw back the $3000 from the Dealer. It sounds a reasonabel concern so in the end we did it without the rebate but minus tax and they made up the difference with a bit more discount so I got the car there and then.
One surprise I had when I collected the car in Southampton, was there was an additional £40 (about $60) handling fee for the UK agent of the shippers. They were fairly efficient and helpful but I was not expecting this charge. It covers the removal of the car from the ship, storage and handling all the paperwork. So have a bunch of spare cash to avoid embarrassing situations. In fact, you should ask your US shipper who their UK receiving agent is and call them to get their exact costs ahead of time.
The process of collecting the car was like an adventure game. I lost track of all the people we spoke to on the day, but as long as you have all the paperwork and manage to hand the relevant pieces of paper to all the people in the chain, after about 30 minutes you are driving your new baby away from the docks, with a big grin on your face (optional).
The quotes in 1998 ranged from $360-$516 for shipping insurance, though in November 2001 I got a quote from AutoXport in Florida for
only $1200 which included insurance. The rule here is to shop around, though it will generally be provided by your shipper at about 1.5% of the car's cost. You need to make sure you are insured from where you say goodbye to your car - to when you see it again. This may be door to door or dock to dock or a combination - make sure it's covered at all times. Car's do fall into the sea!
Read the small print and exclusions in particular. Make sure you know what is included and what is not. Typically if you put anything loose inside the car
then don't expect it to be there at the other end and don't expect it to be covered by the insurance. I do know people who have filled the car up with belongings that have made it to the UK - but frankly, they were lucky. I wouldn't risk it.
I covered the front seats with plastic sheeting that my local garage gave me for free and did the same with the steering wheel and front carpets. When I
collected the car in Southampton this plan seemed to have paid off, since everything was filthy with oil. Luckily I could just throw out the protective
covers and the everything underneath was spotless!
My only loss was the licence plate which had been stolen - so make sure you remove anything that is easy to take off and cover anything that big oily boots
are likely to touch!
You will need to pay 17.5% tax and customs duty of 10% unless you have owned the car for more than 6 months (and can prove it) and if you are intending keeping it for your own use for at least a year after entering the country. These days you also need to show that you have lived in the US for those 6 months too and the car has been driven. licenced and insured during that time. This is to catch all the scammers that pretend all this in order to avoid the duty and tax. I think Customs have closed the loopholes.